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2019/10/08 第423期 订阅/退订看历史报份直接订阅
   
 

Opposites Attract, but Do Similarities Attract More?
Do couples really look alike or is it just our imagination?
夫妻间真的会有夫妻脸,还是只是想象呢?


    

  For anyone who has asked a couple by mistake if they are related, there’s a reason why they might have thought that. Recent studies have found that couples really do look alike. In fact, couples look like each other for a number of reasons.
  First of all, the old saying “opposites attract” does not necessarily seem to be true. In fact, we are often attracted to people who are similar to us in both interests and appearance. What’s more, people have traditionally met partners within their neighborhood near their homes, at work, or in social groups like clubs. Sharing these backgrounds means sharing many things, which could include some elements of appearance like race or sense of style.
  But even if people don’t look like one another when they get together, there’s a good chance they will begin to look more alike in the future. Studies have shown that couples married for 25 years or more often appear similar. One possible reason is that being together for so long means many shared experiences and emotions. This could result in similar wrinkles, expressions, and maybe even body types.

 

1. attract vt. 吸引
 be attracted to  受……吸引
Babe Ruth’s home runs attracted a large number of fans to Yankee Stadium.
贝比‧鲁斯的得分球曾吸引许多球迷前往洋基球场。
 * stadium n.(无篷)体育场
I am very attracted to the job because it will give me the chance to help others.
我被这工作深深吸引,因为它将让我有机会帮助别人。
2. imagination n. 想象(力)
Being a dancer requires a combination of grace, strength and imagination.
当一名舞者需要结合优雅、力量和想象力。
 * combination n. 结合,组合
3. by mistake  失误地,不小心地
George took someone else’s suitcase at the airport by mistake.
乔治在机场不小心拿到了别人的行李箱。
4. necessarily adv. 必然,必定(常与 not 并用)
Expensive things are not necessarily better.
昂贵的东西不一定比较好。
5. appearance n. 外表
This car is similar to that car in appearance.
就外形来看,这辆车与那一辆很像。
6. background n. 背景
The detective looked into the background of the killer.
那位侦探深入研究凶手的背景资料。
 * detective n. 侦探;刑警
7. result in...  导致∕造成……
The poor conditions of the road resulted in the motorcycle accident.
道路状况不良造成那起机车事故。
 * condition n. 条件,状况
8. expression n. 表情;表达
Paul had an expression of anger on his face.
保罗脸上带著生气的表情。

◆ opposite n. 相反的人或事物
similarity n. 相似(不可数),相似之处(可数)
related a. 有亲戚关系的;有关的
first of all  首先
wrinkle n. 皱纹

☆ alike vs. like
形容词 alike(相像的)和介词 like(像……的)比较:
1. 形容词 alike(相像的)通常置于 look 或 be 动词之后作主词补语,而不可置于名词前修饰。
The twins look so much alike that I cannot tell them apart.
这一对双胞胎长得如此相像,我根本分不出来。
2. 介词 like(像……的)后面接受词,形成介词词组修饰主词。
Your voice sounds like your mother's.
你的声音听起来像你母亲的声音。
3. 不论是 alike 或 like,其前都不可用 very 修饰,而应用 very much 或 much。
Jonathan's current and previous jobs are very much alike.
强纳森目前的工作跟他的前一份非常雷同。
☆ What's more, S + V  此外∕而且,……
1. what's more 为表示「此外、而且」的转折词,用来补充前面提到的内容,使用时后面加逗号再接主要子句。
My teacher is knowledgeable. What's more, she is very patient with students.
我的老师知识渊博。此外,她对学生也很有耐心。
2. 此种用来补充说明的转折词还可用besides、furthermore、moreover、in addition 等。
The cake is tasty. In addition, it's very cheap.
这块蛋糕很好吃。此外,它也非常便宜。

  对于任何曾经不小心询问一对夫妻是否有血缘关系的人来说,他们会这么以为是有理由的。最近的研究发现,夫妻间确实会有夫妻脸。事实上,夫妻会长得像彼此是有许多原因的。
  首先,俗话说的「异性相吸」并不一定是真实的。事实上,我们更常被与我们有相似兴趣和外貌的人所吸引。除此之外,传统上人们一直以来都在自己的社群中与伙伴相遇,比如住家附近、办公室,或者象是社团等的社交团体。有著共同的背景意味著享有许多共同的事物,其中可能包含一些外貌的元素,比如种族或是生活风格。
  但是即使当人们在一起时长得不像对方,有很大的机率在未来他们会开始变得像彼此。研究已经显示,结婚二十五年或更久的夫妻时常显得相似。一个可能的理由是,在一起的时间久了意味著共享了许多的经验和情感。这也导致相似的皱纹、表情,也许甚至是体型。


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