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表达「肇因、因为」的英文句型
2019/01/05 10:15
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表达因果关系 (cause-effect/causal relationship) 的句型在学术论文中使用相当频繁,通常一个句子里就同时包含「因」(cause)和「果」(effect),而在写作上可以视语义需要而强调「因」,或侧重「果」。在此节强调的为前者,重视的是「肇因、因为」等归因性的写法,常把造成某种现象的原因或理由写在because of the fact that, due to the fact that, as a result of, result from, follow from, in view of等词组之后。ArnaudetBarrett (1990:102) 曾举例句如下: 

Drastic changes in living pattern will result from/be a result of/be a consequence of/be due to/follow from changes in water levels.

生活模式上极端的改变是肇因于水平面的变化。 

其它常用句型请见下例: 

1. Fossilization may be due to a lack of willingness to take risks.

石化可能是因为缺乏冒险的意愿所造成 

2. It is easy to assume that success in any task is due simply to the fact that someone is motivated.

在任何任务中的成功容易被缺省为只是因为那人具有动机。 

3. Successful mastery of the L2 will be due to a large extent to a learner’s own personal investment of time and effort.

成功精通第二语言有很大程度是因为学习者本身在时间与努力的付出。 

4. Unreliability may result from the conditions in which the test is administered.

缺乏信度可能是肇因于考试施测的条件。 

5. Successful interlanguage development is partially a result of utilizing feedback from others.

成功的中介语发展部分是因为利用他人回馈的结果 

6. All these errors are attributable to negative interlingual transfer.

所有的这些错误都可以归因于负面的语际移转。 

7. Behaviorist psychologists attributed two important characteristics to habits.

行为主义的心理学家重要特性归因于习惯。 

8. Since most learning strategies are mental operations and hence not directly observable.

因为大部分的学习策略都是心智运作,因此无法直接观察。 

9. This is done on the grounds that translated texts are not representative and that they might distort our view of the real language.

之所以如此是因为翻译文本没有代表性,而且可能会扭曲我们对真实语言的观点。

说明:ground除了作「土地」之外,也有「理由」的意思。而on the grounds that本身就是一常用的词组,等于for the reason that。本句中有两个that,其后接两个子句就代表两个理由。 

补充句型

1. …, resulting from/ following from ….

2. …are often caused by ….

3. ... is often mistakenly attributed to...

4. We commonly attribute ... to...

5. They attribute their success mainly to...

6. …are probably due to …

7. ... will be due to a large extent to...

8. This phenomenon appears to be due, in part, to the fact that …

博客来:https://www.books.com.tw/products/0010828674

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