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rain的搭配词
2018/09/18 14:03
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Rain (雨

Ø   暖身:请就以下中英译文在括号中选出恰当的搭配词

Sour Acidrain plagued the northeastern United States for years, harming trees and fish.

酸雨多年来危害美国东北部,树林和鱼类都受灾。

解答:

  

rain可作动词「下雨」,例如以下英文成语:

It never rains but it pours. When it rains, it pours.

祸不单行 (指平日不下雨,但若一下雨则是倾盆大雨)。 

rain作名词时,台湾同学在形容雨势很大常会误写成big rainstrong rain的搭配,这是受中文「大雨」和「强雨」干扰而写出的中式英文,要力求避免。常用写法应为heavy /pouring rain downpour, downfall等。相反的,「小雨」或「毛毛雨」可用drizzledrizzling rain等表达,而「阵雨」则为shower。另外「降雨量」可用rainfallprecipitation表达。如下句:

These windward mountain slopes receive abundant rainfall throughout the year.

这些迎风坡终年接受丰沛雨量 

至于口语中使用May I take a rain check on that? 其中rain check实际上与下雨无关,而是指「对某事延期」或「改天再做」。 

l  动词+ rain

v.

n.

中译

bring

 

带来雨量

dump/ pour with

rain

降下大雨

get caught in

 

被雨困住

例句:

The storm has dumped a record 42 inches of rain in northeastern Taiwan.

暴风雨在台湾东北部降下破纪录的42雨量 

l  形容词 + rain

adj.

n.

中译

cascading / drenching / heavy / hurling / pouring / torrential

 

豪雨/倾盆大雨

light/ drizzling/ slight

rain

毛毛雨

falling

 

下雨

intermittent

 

间歇性阵雨

例句:

The typhoon continues posing a severe threat with heavy rain.

台风持续有暴雨造成威胁 

Torrential rains brought by Typhoon Megi have seriously affected Yilan.

梅姬台风所带来的豪雨重创宜兰。 

l  rain + 动词

n.

v.

中译

 

beat against

雨水敲打

 

dribble down / drip down/ trickle down /

雨水流淌

rain

fall/ pour down

雨水降下

 

let up / stop

雨停

 

pound

大雨重击

 

topple

大雨使倒塌

例句:

He sat on the train watching rain dribble down the windows.

他坐在火车上看着雨水流淌下车窗。 

Up to 20 inches of rain has pounded the region over the past three days, forcing the evacuation of more than 10,000 people.

过去三天来高达20英寸的雨量重击该地区,迫使一万多人必须撤离。 

Steady rains toppled hillsides and turned streets into rivers over the weekend, leaving at least 12 people dead and three missing.

周末期间不停降雨造成山坡崩塌,街道也变成河流,造成至少12人死亡,3人失踪。 

u  相关词汇之搭配使用

词组

occasional showers:偶有的阵雨

the annual spring plum rains:每年春天的梅雨

the plum rain season:梅雨季 

句子

Heavy rains and flash flooding have been reported in mountainous areas.

山区已传出豪雨与暴洪的灾情。 

It is raining cats and dogs.

倾盆大雨。

 

段落

Northern Taiwan was hit by torrential rain, turning Keelung and the north coast into disaster areas. According to an initial report issued by the Central Emergency Operation Center, one person died, two went missing and five were injured, while 3,800 people had to be evacuated. Power and water supplies to about 15,000 households were disrupted and 970 sites were flooded. The weather front moved south, and central and southern Taiwan were also hit. (Taipei Times)

台湾北部遭受暴雨袭击使基隆和北海岸都变成灾区。中央灾害应变中心的初步报告指出,目前有一人死亡,两人失踪,五人受伤,同时有3,800位民众必须撤离。另有约15,000户家庭停水断电970处地方淹水气象锋面已南,台湾中部和南部也受重创。(台北时报)

说明:

陈述灾难来袭的句型常用被动语态,如此处的was hit,或下方的were disrupted, were flooded等。

front是气候术语,译作「锋面」,其后可搭配动词move「移动」。相关搭配还有cold front「冷锋」、 warm front「暖锋」。 

u  练习:

请从方格中挑选正确的搭配词来完成以下的句子:

dumped        heavy     bring   plum    rainfall

1.      Typhoon Megi _______________ heavy rains throughout Taiwan.

梅姬台风在全台降下倾盆大雨

2.      Taiwanese rescuers discovered a body after_______________ rains brought by Typhoon Megi.

在台风梅姬带来的豪雨后,台湾的搜救队发现了一具尸体。

3. Temperatures are expected to cool down nationwide today with the arrival of the   first _____________ rains of the year

  今年第一道梅雨报到,全国今日气温预期将下降。

4. The weather front is likely to ______________ heavy ______________ for the rest of the week in most regions, with temperatures ranging between 23°C and 29°C nationwide.

  锋面可能在本周为大部份地区带来大雨,全国气温则介于摄氏23度到29度之间。 

解答:

1.      dumped

2.      heavy

3.      plum

4.      bring; rainfall

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