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尸体也有毒!台东海岸暴增世界第3毒僧帽水母
2018/03/14 06:44
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尸体也有毒!台东海岸暴增世界第3毒僧帽水母          新头壳  Reporter 丘秝榕

去台东海岸要小心,这种水母连尸体也有毒!台东县政府指出,近日台东县海岸边发现数量庞大的「僧帽水母」,这种水母世界毒性排名第3,连尸体都有毒性,游客千万别以为水母死亡没有威胁性就随易触碰,若被水母螫伤,轻者皮肤红肿刺痛,严重者会有过敏等反应,也可能导致呼吸困难、肌肉痉挛,甚至休克,台东医院呼吁,若被水母螫伤,应尽速前往医院就诊,千万别用偏方治疗,延误病情。

台东县政府指出,近日有不少游客在台东县海岸边发现数量庞大的「僧帽水母」,在水母世界毒性排名第3的「僧帽水母」为何大量出现在台东海岸上,引起台东地方民众及社团的议论,推论可能是气候变迁,引起的生物变异,因为水母的生殖季节,在每年的春末夏初,约4至6月间才比较会有数量增多的情况,今年的异常情况值得科学家们作深入的研究。

卫生福利部台东医院表示,近期确有民众反映在台东乌石鼻渔港礁石及杉原湾的沙滩上,发现近百公尺大量的水母遗体,经照片确认为有毒的「僧帽水母」,被海浪拍打上岸的水母尸体一样具有毒性,游客千万不要用身体接触,如果被不明水母螫伤,应尽速前往医院就诊,医师提醒,一旦发现被螫到要尽快就医,不要迷信任何民间偏方,例如用尿液涂在伤口上等,反而可能造成其它感染或过敏反应。

医师提醒,被水母螫伤后,刺丝胞可能会卡在皮肤上,若用另一只手去拨,反造成他处也沾染毒性蛋白质,最好的方式就是在水中以衣物拨除,降低伤害,当水母毒液接触到人体后,依水母种类,接触时间长短,接触面积大小及部位,毒液的毒性强弱,以及毒液的浓度之不同,产生的反应也差异很大。

不过台东医院指出,近期尚未收治被水母螫伤的患者,在以往夏季的时间,因为游客会下水游玩,较容易出现被水母螫的患者,轻者皮肤红肿刺痛,像被烫伤的感觉,严重者会有过敏等反应,更严重者也可能导致呼吸困难、肌肉痉挛,甚至休克,不过近年来,未接获有很严重的病例。

而在急诊临床上治疗被水母螫伤患者,第一件事就是要维持生命迹象的稳定,注意患者是否有产生血管性水肿或是休克等症状,包括呼吸、心跳、血压等,一般原则上治疗施以口服类固醇、止痛药、止痒药,外用药膏,及静脉或肌肉注射药物,可帮助缓解皮肤痒及痛的症状。

如果有次发性的细菌感染,则可能需要使用抗生素来治疗。台东医院提醒,千万不要碰触不明的海洋动、植物,以免危害自己的健康安全。

https://today.line.me/TW/pc/article/尸体也有毒!台东海岸暴增世界第3毒僧帽水母-2z0BZO   

Terry Jacks - Seasons In The Sun

Goodbye to you my trusted friend
We've known each other since we were nine or ten
Together we've climbed hills and trees
Learned of love and ABC's
Skinned our hearts and
Skinned our knees

We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the hills that we climbed were just seasons out of time

Goodbye Papa please pray for me
I was the black sheep of the family
You tried to teach me right from wrong
Too much wine and too much song
Wonder how I got along

We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the wine and the song like the seasons have all gone
We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the wine and the song like the seasons have all gone

Goodbye Michelle my little one
You gave me love and helped me find the sun
And every time that I was down
You would always come around
And get my feet back on the grou

We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the hills that we climbed were just seasons out of time
We had joy we had fun we had seasons in the sun
But the wine and the song like the seasons have all gone
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YG9otasNmxI

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